Key Generation Algorithm Digital Signature

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  1. Key Generation Algorithm Digital Signature Form
  2. Digital Signature Algorithm Example
  3. Digital Signature Algorithm In C
  4. Key Generation Algorithm Digital Signature Free
  5. Key Generation Algorithm Digital Signature Software

Agencies are advised that digital signature key pairs shall not be used for other purposes. Other Approved Security Functions: Digital signature implementations that comply with this Standard shall employ cryptographic algorithms, cryptographic key generation algorithms. Accredited Standards Committee X9, American National Standard X9.62-2005, Public Key Cryptography for the Financial Services Industry, The Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA), November 16, 2005. Certicom Research, Standards for efficient cryptography, SEC 1: Elliptic Curve Cryptography, Version 2.0, May 21, 2009. Nov 27, 2018  ElGamal Cryptography in Hindi - Key Generation, Encryption and Decryption Steps with Solved Example Computer Network Security(CNS) Lectures – Internet Security.

Version 1.3

Here's an example of how to generate Secure Boot keys (PK and others) by using a hardware security module (HSM).

You'll need to know the Secure Boot Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). For more info, see Windows 8.1 Secure Boot Key Creation and Management Guidance.

Requirements

Tools Needed

  • certreq.exe – Available Inbox

  • certutil.exe – Available Inbox

  • Signtool.exe – Available in the latest Windows SDK

Hardware Security Module (HSM)

The whitepaper demonstrates the key generation using examples from the nCipher (now Thales) PCI HSM model nC1003P/nC3023P/nC3033P and the SafeNet Luna HSMs. Most of the concepts apply to other HSM vendors as well.

For other HSMs, contact your manufacturer for additional instructions on how to tailor your approach with the HSM Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP).

Approach

We use the Microsoft certificate creation tool: certreq.exe to generate the Secure Boot Platform Key (PK) and other keys needed for Secure Boot.

The certreq tool can be adapted to use an HSM by providing the Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP) to be the HSM.

Find the Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP)

You can use either the certutil.exe tool or a tool used by the HSM to list the CSPs.

Key generation algorithm digital signature free
  • This example uses the certutil tool to show the CSPs on the Thales/nCipher HSM:

    For the SHA-256 digesting algorithm, use the CNG provider: 'nCipher Security World Key Storage Provider'. Legacy providers do not support SHA-256 and are not suitable for use with Secure Boot.

  • This example uses the built-in Thales/nCipher tool to list the CSP:

    For the SHA-256 digesting algorithm, use the CNG provider: 'nCipher Security World Key Storage Provider'. Legacy providers do not support SHA-256 and are not suitable for use with Secure Boot.

  • This example uses the SafeNet Luna HSMs tool to list the CSP:

    For SHA-256 digest algorithm you will need to use a CNG provider – “SafeNet Key Storage Provider”. Legacy providers do not support SHA-256 and are not suitable for use with Secure Boot.

To generate the key:

Sample request.inf file:

Update the following values:

  • Subject: Replace the TODO’s with real data 'CN=Corporation TODO Platform Key,O=TODO Corporation,L=TODO_City,S=TODO_State,C=TODO_Country'.

  • ValidityPeriod, ValidityPeriodUnits: Use the validity period of 6 years. While a PK may only be valid for 2 years, the 6-year period allows for potential future servicing.

  • KeyContainer: Enter the container id that you used to create the Key with the HSM. You may be asked to provide the tokens that you have used to create the Security World for the Thales HSM.

Validating certificate (self-signed)

Verify that the certificate has been generated correctly:

For example: certutil -store -v my '7569d364a2e77b814274c81ae6360ffe'

Sample output:

Backing up the certificate

Back up your certificates. This way, if either the certificate store or the server goes down, you can add the certificate back to the store. For more info on certreq.exe, see Advanced Certificate Enrollment and Management: Appendix 3: Certreq.exe Syntax

Note, the PK is a self-signed certificate, and is also used to sign the KEK.

There are 2 parts to PK signing / initial provisioning. Please talk to your Microsoft contact to get these scripts:

  • subcreate_set_PK_example_initial_provisioning_example.ps1. Used by the signtool to sign the PK comes later in the servicing case.

  • subcreate_set_PK_service_example.ps1. Since we are dealing with the HSM case, the following line applies in the script applies.

Signing with PK certificate (servicing scenario)

This section applies to signing with your PK certificate and may not be applicable for initial provisioning of system. However, you can use the method here to test your service scenario.

Determine the certificate hash (sha1)

Determine the SHA1 hash of the certificate. You can get the SHA1 hash by using either of the following methods:

  • In Windows, open the Certificate file, select the Details tab, and check the value for Thumbprint.

  • Or use the following command:

    Sample output:

Sign with signtool with the certificate store specified as a reference

Use the SHA1 hash to sign the KEK certificate:

Where KEK.bin is the filename of the binary certificate you want to sign.

Key Generation Algorithm Digital Signature Form

Sample output:

NOTE For compatibility with the UEFI Specification and maximum compatibility across UEFI implementations, the /p7co and /p7ce parameters must be present, the value passed to /p7co must be 1.2.840.113549.1.7.1, and the value passed to /p7ce must be DetachedSignedData. Also, for improved compatibility with production signing environments, a signtool.exe commandline that fully specifies the hardware key container is as follows:

For more info, see Sign Tool (SignTool.exe) and Windows 8.1 Secure Boot Key Creation and Management Guidance.

Appendix A – Using Thales KeySafe for viewing keys

Thales KeySafe is based on a GUI.

To use KeySafe, you must have installed JRE/JDK 1.4.2, 1.5, or 1.6. Install Java before you install the nCipher software.

Configure the hardserver config file under the %NFAST_KMDATA%config folder:

Edit settings in the server_startup section:

nonpriv_port. This field specifies the port on which the hardserver listens for local non-privileged TCP connections.

  • Default to connecting to port 9000.

  • If the NFAST_SERVER_PORT environment variable is set, it overrides any value set for nonpriv_port

priv_port. This field specifies the port on which the hardserver listens for local privileged TCP connections.

Digital Signature Algorithm Example

  • Default to connecting to port 9001.

  • If the NFAST_SERVER_PRIVPORT environment variable is set, it overrides any value set for priv_port

The following are screenshots from the Thales KeySafe GUI:

The following image is generated by launching the KeySafe utility and then navigating to the KeyList menu.

For more info, see the nCipher/Thales Users Guide.

Appendix B: Using SafeNet CMU Utility to view keys

For more details, please consult the SafeNet Luna HSM documentation.

Related topics

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Cryptographic digital signatures use public key algorithms to provide data integrity. When you sign data with a digital signature, someone else can verify the signature, and can prove that the data originated from you and was not altered after you signed it. For more information about digital signatures, see Cryptographic Services.

This topic explains how to generate and verify digital signatures using classes in the System.Security.Cryptography namespace.

Generating Signatures

Digital signatures are usually applied to hash values that represent larger data. The following example applies a digital signature to a hash value. First, a new instance of the RSACryptoServiceProvider class is created to generate a public/private key pair. Next, the RSACryptoServiceProvider is passed to a new instance of the RSAPKCS1SignatureFormatter class. This transfers the private key to the RSAPKCS1SignatureFormatter, which actually performs the digital signing. Before you can sign the hash code, you must specify a hash algorithm to use. This example uses the SHA1 algorithm. Finally, the CreateSignature method is called to perform the signing.

Due to collision problems with SHA1, Microsoft recommends SHA256 or better.

Signing XML Files

The .NET Framework provides the System.Security.Cryptography.Xml namespace, which enables you sign XML. Signing XML is important when you want to verify that the XML originates from a certain source. For example, if you are using a stock quote service that uses XML, you can verify the source of the XML if it is signed.

The classes in this namespace follow the XML-Signature Syntax and Processing recommendation from the World Wide Web Consortium.

Verifying Signatures

To verify that data was signed by a particular party, you must have the following information:

  • The public key of the party that signed the data.

  • The digital signature.

  • The data that was signed.

  • The hash algorithm used by the signer.

Digital Signature Algorithm In C

To verify a signature signed by the RSAPKCS1SignatureFormatter class, use the RSAPKCS1SignatureDeformatter class. The RSAPKCS1SignatureDeformatter class must be supplied the public key of the signer. You will need the values of the modulus and the exponent to specify the public key. (The party that generated the public/private key pair should provide these values.) First create an RSACryptoServiceProvider object to hold the public key that will verify the signature, and then initialize an RSAParameters structure to the modulus and exponent values that specify the public key.

The following code shows the creation of an RSAParameters structure. The Modulus property is set to the value of a byte array called modulusData and the Exponent property is set to the value of a byte array called exponentData.

After you have created the RSAParameters object, you can initialize a new instance of the RSACryptoServiceProvider class to the values specified in RSAParameters. The RSACryptoServiceProvider is, in turn, passed to the constructor of an RSAPKCS1SignatureDeformatter to transfer the key.

Key Generation Algorithm Digital Signature Free

The following example illustrates this process. In this example, hashValue and signedHashValue are arrays of bytes provided by a remote party. The remote party has signed the hashValue using the SHA1 algorithm, producing the digital signature signedHashValue. The RSAPKCS1SignatureDeformatter.VerifySignature method verifies that the digital signature is valid and was used to sign the hashValue.

This code fragment will display 'The signature is valid' if the signature is valid and 'The signature is not valid' if it is not.

Key Generation Algorithm Digital Signature Software

See also